The Philadelphia Agreement
Delegates voted more than 60 times before the method was chosen. The final agreement was to have the president elected by the voters of each state who was to be elected “in a way” as he could “guide” his legislative power. Each voter would vote for two people (one of whom could not be a resident of the same state). The person with the most votes would become president. But if no one person had a majority of the votes, the House of Representatives elected the candidate from the top five (with each state`s delegation paying one vote). When the details of the Virginia Plan were discussed, it became clear that it was not a simple revision of the Articles of Confederation, but a bold plan for a whole new type of government – a government with a much more powerful “national” legislative power and, unlike the Articles of Confederation, with a powerful executive leader. It immediately became clear that, as bold and innovative as the plan was, there were many delegates in the room who had serious reservations about certain aspects. For nearly four months, delegates have been trying to clarify and resolve their differences. The most divisive issues – those concerning the distribution of representation within the national legislature, the powers and type of election of the chief executive and the place of the institution of slavery in the new continental political entity – would be the form of the document, which was finally adopted on 17 September 1997, september 1, 1997, a 1787. An important change that came in the final version was the agreement between the North and South delegates to authorize Congress to end the slave trade from 1808. Delegates from the South and North also agreed to strengthen the fugitive slave clause, in exchange for repealing the requirement that two-thirds of Congress agree on “navigation laws” (trade rules between states and foreign governments).
The two-thirds requirement was approved by southern delegates, who believed Congress could pass navigation laws that would be economically harmful to slaveholders. :196 Between Madison`s initial call for states to send delegates to Annapolis and madison`s Virginia plan for a new government to the Philadelphia Congress had taken place a fundamental shift in the goals of the congressional process. . . .