After talks with Sweden, the United Nations was forced to hastily organize a ceasefire in Hodeida governorate, which began on December 18. But the parties did not agree with the basic rules. Unlike most ceasefire agreements, this agreement did not contain technical details on the scope, nature or duration of the cessation of hostilities; definition of offences; or mechanisms to stop the fight quickly when it breaks out. The failure of such an agreement – probably because of the urgency of an agreement – has had adverse consequences. What further complicates matters is that the United Nations has not yet deployed a full monitoring team – which requires the approval of the Security Council – and makes the fate of the ceasefire vulnerable to war of narratives that initially tormented attempts to build a peace process. Unfortunately, Taiz is a critical area of the Stockholm Agreement, in which much more attention and attention needs to be paid to mediating agreements between the parties on the de-escalation of hostilities and the opening of sustainable humanitarian corridors in order to alleviate the suffering of the people of Taiz. As a first step, negotiators should pursue a compromise that will allow the parties to go beyond the Stockholm Agreement and focus, beyond Hodeidah, on a broader political solution. This would mean the establishment of mutually agreed minimum requirements for the implementation of the agreement. Given the differences of opinion between the parties, this would likely imply a more limited understanding in the short term of what needs to happen in Hodeidah, so that negotiations on the implementation of the rest of the agreement would continue as a subset or alongside broader peace talks. The government`s interpretation of the deal plays well with supporters who see the rebels as deceptive and competent operators who use negotiations and deals to reposition themselves before seeking further military gains.
[fn] This group cites as a prime example the 2014 Partnership for Peace and National Partnership Agreement (PNPA), which called for a gradual withdrawal of Houthi troops from Sana`a in exchange for a number of political concessions, including the formation of a new government. . . .